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Uncle Noah
Bible
Dictionary

Edited by Uncle Dee and Aunt Sandy

Testament (covenant)
   The Greek word diatheke. In some translations it is translated as covenant.
   It is described as a will. (Hebrews 9:16-18) 
   It is called the New Covenant in I Corinthians 11:25) 
    The description New Covenant of grace is used to show the difference between the Old Covenant of law keeping. 

   Both testaments (covenants) are sacred and binding...as long as they are in force. (Joshua 9:18-21 and Galatians 3:15)
   Both testaments are confirmed with blood. The Old with Animal blood, the New with the blood of Jesus.
   A testament is a contract made between two parties and ratified with certain actions. The Bible talks about contracts between men such as: Giving the hand (Ezra 10:19); loosing the shoe (Ruth 4:7-11); giving presents (Genesis 21:27-30); making a feast (Genesis 26:30); and offering of sacrifices. (Genesis 15:9-17)

   The Old Testament (covenant) made between God and men was:
   1. Confirmed with an oath. (Hebrews 6:13,17,18)
   2. Binding. (Galatians 3:15)
   3. Everlasting. (Genesis 8:20-22 and Isaiah 54:10)
   4. Something God could not break. (Leviticus 26:44,45)
   5. Broken. The Israelites broke the Old Testament (covenant). (Jeremiah 22:9 and Hebrews 8:9)
   6. Punishable. (Leviticus 26:25-46; John 3:16)

   The New Testament (covenant) fulfilled and made the Old Covenant obsolete...setting it aside. (Hebrews 8:13 and 10:9) 
   The New Testament, with all its blessings, is available for all men. God has done his part.

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   Copyright 2000, Charles Valentine