The Greek word diatheke.
In some translations it is translated as covenant.
It is described as a will.
It is called the New Covenant
in I Corinthians 11:25)
Covenant of grace is used to show the difference between
the Old Covenant of law
Both testaments (covenants) are sacred and binding...as
long as they are in force. (Joshua 9:18-21 and Galatians 3:15)
Both testaments are confirmed with blood. The Old with Animal
blood, the New with the blood of Jesus.
A testament is a contract made between two parties and
ratified with certain actions. The Bible talks about contracts between
men such as: Giving the hand (Ezra 10:19); loosing the shoe (Ruth
4:7-11); giving presents (Genesis 21:27-30); making a feast (Genesis
26:30); and offering of sacrifices. (Genesis 15:9-17)
The Old Testament (covenant) made between God
and men was:
1. Confirmed with an oath. (Hebrews 6:13,17,18)
2. Binding. (Galatians 3:15)
3. Everlasting. (Genesis 8:20-22 and Isaiah 54:10)
4. Something God could not break. (Leviticus 26:44,45)
5. Broken. The Israelites broke the Old Testament
(covenant). (Jeremiah 22:9 and Hebrews 8:9)
6. Punishable. (Leviticus 26:25-46; John 3:16)
The New Testament (covenant) fulfilled and
made the Old Covenant obsolete...setting it aside. (Hebrews 8:13 and
The New Testament, with all its blessings, is available
for all men. God has done his part.